SUGARCANE BREEDING INSTITUTE

(Indian Council of Agricultural Research)

 Regional Centre, Karnal

 

   


A Premier Sugarcane Research Institute in India

Celebrating 100 years of excellence in sugarcane research in 2012


 

OVERVIEW

 

MANDATE
STAFF
ACTIVITIES
VARIETIES
SEEDCANE
TECHNOLOGIES TO FARMERS
PROJECTS
 

CONTACT

Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal  

AN OVERVIEW  

On the 1st day of April 1932, a sub-station of the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) was established at Karnal (Haryana) with funds provided by the then Imperial Council of Agricultural Research (now the Indian Council of Agricultural Research abbreviated as ICAR). Mr. G.V. James was the founder in-charge of this Centre. From 1932 to 1935 elites clones selected from Coimbatore were supplied to the Karnal Centre for evaluation under sub-tropical condition. During 1934-35, the clone Co 285 was selected which become popular in the sub-tropical India because of its resistance to frost, drought and insect pest Pyrilla. Another clone identified in the same year i.e. Co 205 was found best under ‘barani’ (rainfed) condition. In 1935-36, three high yielding clones, Co 312, Co 341 and Co 356 were identified for un-irrigated conditions. In the subsequent years, genetic stocks /donors for growth vigour (Co 312) and earliness (Co 385 and Co 313) were identified. Old varieties such Co 419, Co 975, Co 1148, Co 1158 and Co 6425 after testing at this Centre were recommended for commercial cultivation in sub-tropical region of India .  

Since 1936, the activity of the Centre has been broadened from mere evaluation of seedlings to undertaking full fledged breeding programme. The first variety CoK 26 (CoK stand for Coimbatore-Karnal) was released from this Centre in 1940. It occupied fairly large area in Uttar Pradesh. Three years later, CoK 30 was released. It performed well in Punjab and Central Uttar Pradesh. Technically, this Centre acts as liaison with its Headquarter to provide information on the performance of various Coimbatore seedlings (Co canes) and their parents in the sub-tropical condition. Therefore, Dr. N.L. Dutt, a former Director of the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore has vividly said that "the Karnal Centre of the Sugarcane Breeding Institute provides the eyes through which Coimbatore institute observe the behaviour of Co canes in the climatic conditions of North India ". The studies conducted at this Centre and the knowledge gained has been of very useful in guiding sugarcane breeding programmes in the country.    

Realizing the importance of sugarcane in the rural economy of sub-tropical India and the contribution of the SBI Karnal Centre in the field of sugarcane research and development, the then Indian Central Sugarcane Committee was funding this sub-station since 1945-46.  CoK 32, 3rd variety from this Centre was released during 1947. It occupied sizeable area in Bihar . During 1950, CoK 41 was released to Research Stations in Punjab, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.  

As the Karnal sugarcane research Centre were being a part of the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore sugarcane varieties released from this Centre after 1961 bears prefix ‘Co’ instead of ‘CoK’. Between 1960 and 1970, a number of elite clones selected from this Centre from seedling progenies were elevated to “Co cane status; of which four Co canes namely, Co 1328, Co 1341, Co 62399 and Co 6618 were released commercially. Varieties Co 62399 and Co 6618 were popular in Uttar Pradesh. The release of Co 7717 in 1978 was a landmark in the history of this Centre. It recoded as high as 104.62 tonnes of cane yield from a hectare in some of the farmer’s field of Haryana. The incidence of top borer and stalk borer was comparatively low in this variety. Hence, it becomes popular among the farmers of Western Haryana, parts of Punjab and Rajasthan. Whosoever grew the variety was getting assured return. By virtue of its high yield and stability over environment farmers described this variety as ‘karja pad kishm’ (variety for prosperity).  

Screening of indigenous and exotic sugarcane germplasm to identify donors for yield, juice quality, biotic and abiotic stresses was initiated during 1970 and intensified in 1978-79 with the introduction of 200 Saccharum officinarum clones. The clone B 37172 was identified as better juice quality clone hence recommended for inclusion in the breeding programme. Studies on inter-specific and inter-generic hybrid clones were initiated in 1990. The Centre’s breeding programme (i.e. seedling raising, progeny evaluation, identification and release of high yielding high sugared varieties, seed production and supply) was focused to cater the needs of North West Zone (NWZ) which comprises States of Haryana, Punjab, Western and Central Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Rajasthan. From 2001-02 the Centre is conducting studies aimed at improving the productivity of winter initiated ratoon through breeding i.e. by selecting clones/parents with winter ratoonability capabilities coupled with high yield and high juice quality. A database on winter ratoonability of sugarcane was published in 2004 which useful for the researchers. This Centre has also initiated studies on improving the productivity of winter initiated ratoon through agronomic management.  

The institute is known for its research work on breeding high yielding, high sugared, early varieties Co 89003, Co 98014, Co 0118, Co 0238 and Co 0239. Co 89003, a selection from the cross Co 7314 x Co 775 was found to give 31-42% improvement in cane yield and 3.56-5.56% improvement in sucrose% over CoJ 64. Therefore, Co 89003 was recommended for commercial cultivation in Punjab in 1997 and Haryana in 2001. Co 98014 is a tall growing, hard rind, early variety with an average yield of 86 tonnes/ha. It is suitable under water stress, water logging and summer planting conditions. Due to its hard rind, Co 98014 is less damaged by insects and wild animals. In 2002-03, the Nodal Group of the Federation of Punjab State Co-operative Sugar Mills recommended Co 98014 for commercial cultivation in Punjab . Later in 2006-07 this clone was released as Co 98014 (also known as KARAN 1) by the Central Variety Release Committee for commercial cultivation in NWZ. Yet another milestone in the achievement of the Centre is the simultaneous release two high yielding high sugared early varieties, Co 0118 (also known as KARAN 2) and Co 0238 (KARAN 4) in 2009 by the Central Variety Release Committee. Both these varieties are overwhelmingly accepted by the farmers and sugar mills of Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and to some extent in Bihar .  In All India Coordinated Research Project Trial, the variety Co 0118 recorded 78.20 tonnes cane yield/ha, 18.45% sucrose, i.e.15.70% and 3.07% increase of cane yield and sucrose%, respectively over CoJ 64. Co 0118 is suitable under water stress, water logging and autumn planting conditions prevailing in the zone. Co 0238 is a potential variety for farmers and sugar mills under water stress, water logging, salinity and low temperature conditions prevailing in the zone. Due to its wider adaptability, high yield (81.80 t/ha or 19.96% higher than CoJ 64), high sucrose (17.99% or 0.5% improvement over CoJ 64) and early maturity, its seed demand is increasing. During 2010, an early maturing variety Co 0239 (KARAN 6) and a midlate maturing variety Co 0124 (KARAN 5) was released by the Central Vareity Release Committee for commercial cultivation in North Western Zone. In the All India Coordinated Trial Co 0239 recorded 17.22% higher cane yield and 3.80% higher sucrose% than CoJ 64. Co 0124 showed superiority for both yield and juice quality over all midlate standards.  

During 2012, two varieties namely, Co 0237 (KARAN 8) and Co 005011 (KARAN 9)   were proposed for release by the Central Variety Release Committee for commercial cultivation in North Western Zone  

The Karnal Centre of SBI is rendering valuable services to the farmers and sugar mills. Quality seed production of elite sugarcane varieties was initiated in 1998-99 under a Revolving Fund Scheme and in 2007–08 under the Mega Seed Project of Govt. of India. About 2,500-3,000 quintals of disease free quality seed of high yielding sugarcane varieties is produced annually and supplied to farmers and sugar mills for cultivation/further multiplication. Seeds are sold during October and during February-March. The Head of this Centre may be contacted to reserve seed canes (Phone: 0184-2268096 Fax: 0184-2265723; email: headsbirc(at)dataone(dot)in).  

 The research Centre is working in close collaboration with all stakeholders (Sugar mills and farmers), ICAR and SAU institutes of this region. To establish more linkage with sugarcane farmers and sugar mills, to get feedback from the end-users of our varieties / technologies and to assess research and technological needs, an institute-industry interface programe was initiated during 2001-02 and is being continued. Scientists of this Centre are visiting farmer’s field to guide them in cultivating sugarcane by adopting improved production technologies and to give solution for the sugarcane production related problems faced by farmers. On-farm demonstrations of improved technologies are being conducted for the benefit of farming communities. Training programmes for farmers and sugar mill staff, agricultural extension officers are being organized time to time. On alternate years, Kisan Mela is being conducted at Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Karnal Centre. The Centre is also participating in the Kisan Mela organized by other institutes of this region. Technology dissemination is carried out through print media, radio and video talk. Every year about 500-1000 farmers, extension officers, sugar mill staffs from all over the country are visiting this Centre. Training on improved sugarcane cultivation is imparted to them besides arranging exposure visit our experimental farm.  

Under the open and distance learning programme, a two-year M.Sc. (Sugarcane Technology) programme is being offered jointly by the TNAU, Coimbatore and the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore . The course aimed at updating the knowledge of cane development personnel engaged in sugarcane agriculture to improve their knowledge, skill and productivity. Personal Contact Programme and project work of the course are offered at Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Karnal Centre. Since 2007, sixteen students have passed out.  

At present, 7 scientific, 6 technical, 1 ministerial and 14 supporting staffs are working at this Centre. About 11 research projects including 2 externally funded projects are in operation at this Centre.  

Horizontal Scroll: MANDATE

2.	To conduct inheritance studies in sugarcane varietal crosses, sugar yield components, biotic and abiotic stresses in sub-tropical climatic conditions.
3.	To evaluate sugarcane germplasm under sub-tropical conditions and identify potential donors.
4.	To evaluate sugarcane varieties for the sub-tropical conditions of the country.
5.	To produce breeder seed of some elite sugarcane varieties for supplying to sugar mills/farmers. 





 

THRUST AREAS OF RESEARCH

 

The climate in Karnal is sub-tropical with mean maximum temperature of 34-39oC in summer and mean minimum temperature of 6-7oC in winter. The mean annual rainfall is around 744mm. The soil is clay loam to loam, deep, well drained, having pH 8.0 to 8.5 and productive for growing sugarcane. The main source of irrigation is bore well. An analysis of sugarcane area, production and productivity in India from 2001 to 2010 revealed that 59.6% of cane growing land in the country is located in the sub-tropical tract but accounts 50% of the total sugarcane production and only 38.46% of Country’s white sugar production. The low sugar output in the sub-tropical region is partly due to extremes of weather. From April to June, the sub-tropical weather is very hot and dry; from December to January cold weather prevails touching zero degree temperature along with frost. Therefore, the active growth of cane is restricted hardly 4 to 5 month as against 10-14 months in the tropics. During this decade (2000-2010) sugarcane productivity in the sub-tropical India remained between 47.20 t/ha and 53.99 t/ha as against the tropical belt productivity of 66.83 t/ha to 77.72 t/ha. In addition to the climatic, socio-economic constraints, farmers are facing problems due to diseases like redrot, wilt, insect pests like early shoot borer, root borer, top borer, white grub and stalk borer, edaphic factors like water stress, water logging, salinity and alkalinity. Therefore, the thrust areas of research of this Centre at present are moduled to address some of these constraints.  

      Evolving high yielding, better juice quality and red rot resistant sugarcane varieties suitable for planting under conditions of North Western Zone.

      Evolving sugarcane varieties with better ratoonability during winter months.

      Identification of proven crosses, parents and genetic stocks.

      Evaluation of indigenous and exotic sugarcane germplasm, inter-specific and inter-generic hybrid clones.

      Evaluation of AICRP(S) test clones in North Western Zone (NWZ) for sugar and cane yields and yield attributes, resistance to red rot and major insect pests.

      Undertaking breeder seed production of sugarcane varieties bred at this Centre and supply of quality seeds to sugar mills and farmers in NWZ.

      Maintenance breeding, characterization of subtropical sugarcane varieties for conducting DUS test. 

      Evaluation of sugarcane clones for fodder quality.   

     Standardization of agronomic requirements of newly bred sugarcane varieties under the condition of NWZ, testing pipeline and released varieties for their suitability in autumn and spring planting and wider row spacing to enable mechanical harvesting.

     To find out appropriate intercrops and cropping system for sugarcane.

     Improving the productivity of winter initiated ratoon and drought management.

     Studies on the effect of salinity on sugarcane.

     Survey and surveillance of major insect pests of NWZ.

     Management of sub-terranean insect pests in sugarcane.

     Developing integrated management practices for the major pests of sugarcane in the region.

     Survey of pathotype of red rot pathogen and wilt of the NWZ.

     Screening pipeline sugarcane varieties and germplasm against red rot.


 

SCIENTIFIC SATFF (as on 01.06.2012)  

 S No

Name

Designation

Contact No

Email

1

Dr. Bakshi Ram

Principal Scientist & Head

2268096 (O)

2265567 Extn 20

9416484030

headsbirc(at)dataone(dot)in

bryadav2003(at)yahoo(dot)com

2

Dr. S.K. Pandey

Principal Scientist (Entomology)

2265567 Extn 27

9355311525

s_kantpandey(at)yahoo(dot)com

3

Dr. R. Karuppaiyan

Sr. Scientist (Plant Breeding)

2265567 Extn 21

9467581011

sikkimkarups(at)gmail(dot)com

4

Dr. M.L. Chhabra

Sr. Scientist (Plant Pathology)

2265567 Extn 26

9416364031

mlchhabrasbik(at)gmail(dot)com

5

Dr. M.R. Meena

Scientist (Plant Breeding)

2265567 Extn 23

9729728204

mintu_uas(at)yahoo(dot)co(dot)in

6

Ms. Pooja

Scientist (Plant Physiology)

2265567 Extn 22

9466559415

poojadhansu(at)gmail(dot)com

7

Dr (Mrs). B. Parameswari

Scientist (Plant Pathology)

2265567 Extn 29

9034267317

parampathnem(at)gmail(dot)com

 

Institute Address

The Head

Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre

Post Box No 52, Agarsen Marg, 

Karnal-132 001 (Haryana)

 

Ph: 0184-2268096, 2265567-20, Fax: 0184-2265723

Email: headsbirc(at)dataone(dot)in;

Website: http://www.sugarcane.res.in

How to reach

Karnal is located in the State of Haryana at 29.1-29.5oN latitude, 76.3-77.1oE longitude, at an elevation of 243 m above msl, on Delhi-Amritsar NH 1, about 125 km North of Delhi. The Ganna Farm is located opposite to Pranami Mandir on Agarsen Marg near Model Town or near ITI Chowk, 3 km East of Karnal Bus stand/ Railway station.


  

ORGNIZATIONAL & ACTIVITY CHART of SBIRC, KARNAL

 

  

   

RECENT SUGARCANE VARIETIES FROM SBIRC, KARNAL  

Varieties

Co 89003

Co 98014

(Karan 1)

Co 0118

(Karan 2)

Co 0238

(Karan 4)

Co 0239

(Karan 6)

Co 0124

(Karan 5)

Co 0237

(Karan 8)

Co 05011

(Karan 9)

Parentage

Co 7314 x

Co 775

Co 8316 x

Co 8213

Co 8347 x

Co 86011

CoLk 8102 x

 Co 775

Co 93016 GC

Co 89003 GC

Co 93016 GC

CoS 8436 x Co 89003

Year of release

-

2007

2009

2009

2010

2010

2012

2012

Maturity

Early

Early

Early

Early

Early

Midlate

Early

Midlate

Cane yield (tonnes/ha)

69.55**

76.29*

78.20*

81.08*

79.23*

75.71*

71.33*

82.47*

%increase over CoJ 64 / CoS 767#

41.68

21.66

15.70

19.96

17.22

8.03#

5.53

13.75#

Sucrose %

19.56

17.59

18.45

17.99

18.58

18.22

9.34

18.00

% increase over CoJ 64

5.56

-3.24

3.07

0.50

3.80

3.52#

8.73

3.99#

Sugar yield (tonnes/ha)

9.50

9.26

9.88

9.95

10.37

9.68

18.78

10.24

% increase over CoJ 64/ CoS 767#

51.03

17.22

15.01

15.83

20.72

12.69#

4.92

18.24#

Area of adoptability

Punjab and Haryana

Water logging conditions in U.P. and Uttarakhand

U.P., Haryana, Punjab and Uttarakhand

U.P., Haryana, Punjab and Uttarakhand

U.P., Haryana, Punjab and Uttarakhand

Fertile land with assured irrigation of NWZ.

Suitable for water logged area

Suitable for NWZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note: ** refers to mean data from Station Trial; * mean data from AICRP (S) trials;

           #  % increase over CoS 767

 

To know further details of these varieties click the following links

  1. Co 89003
  2. Co 98014
  3. Co 0118
  4. Co 0237
  5. Co 0238
  6. Co 0239
  7. Co 0124
  8. Co 05011

   

SEED CANE PRODUCTION AND SALE

Quality seed production of sugarcane clones at Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal was initiated in 1998-99 under Revolving Fund Scheme and also under Mega Seed Project. At present, seeds (seed cane) of early varieties Co 98014, Co 0118, Co 0237, Co 0238, Co 0239, and midlate varieties Co 0124 and Co 05011 are being produced. The likely quantity of seeds available during the year 2012-13 for sales to farmers and sugar mills located in the North Western Zone which comprises the States of Haryana, Punjab , Uttarakhand, Western Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan is about 2,500-3,000 quintals.

 The seeds for autumn planting will be sold during 1st week of October to 3rd week of October and for spring season planting during February-March. Advance seed indents are taken from sugar mills before planting seed crop in February-March of every year. Sugar mills who are interested in breeder seeds of these varieties are requested to send their requirements before February of each year. On the basis of indents received, the seed is multiplied and supplied to sugar mills and farmers. The price of seed cane shall be equal to the rate of early varieties announced by the Govt. of Haryana. Seed cane are supplied along with tops and trashes. The labour charges for cutting are loading are borne by the indentor. A 30 Metric Tonnes Electronic Weigh Bridge is installed at the campus of SBI Regional Centre, Karnal. Farmers, who wish to lift the seed cane can avail this facilities at free of cost. Seed cane produced and supplied to farmers during the last 5 years (2007-12) and profit earned from seed production are given below. The Sugarcane Breeding Institute is offering consultancy service on sugarcane seed production. Any farmers and unemployed youth who wish to undertake seed production business in sugarcane (entrepreneurship in sugarcane seed production) may contact the Head, Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre, Karnal, Phone : 0184-2268096 / 9416484030,  email:headsbirc(at)dataone.in or bryadav2003(at)yahoo.co for guidance and consultancy services.

Details of breeder seed cane supplied to farmers under & profitability of sugarcane seed production

Year

Seed sold to farmers & mills(quintals)

Revenue from seed cane (Rs)

Recurring Expenses (Rs)

Gross Profit (Rs)

2007-08

2552.85

352297

199436

152861

2008-09

2577.05

395989

162363

233626

2009-10

3138.65

630007

156588

473419

2010-11

2782.10

604355

142406

461949

2011-12

2241.00

508723

201455

307268

Total

13291.65

2491371.00

862248.00

16,29,123

   TECHNOLOGIES FOR FARMERS

A Guide on Sugarcane Cultivation in subtropical region of India has been prepared in Hindi for farmers and in English for agriculture extension officers. Click this link to get access to the book.    

 

  

PACKAGE OF PRACTICES FOR CULTIVATION OF SUGARCANE IN HARYANA

 Planting Time

?        Spring season     : Mid February to end of March.

?        Autumn season    : Last fortnight of September to first fortnight of October.

 Row to Row spacing

?        75 cm in less fertile soil, late planting and under drought condition.

?        90 cm in fertile soil and under spring season.

?        120 cm during autumn season along with intercrops.

Seed Rate: At 90 cm row to row spacing and @ 12 setts /meter long row, seed requirement per acre would be 35-45 quintals.  

Single budded setts (12 setts/meter)      : 53,000-53,500 setts /acre

Single budded setts (end to end)              : 31,000-31,500 setts/acre (40-50% seed saving)

Two budded setts (end to end)              : 26,500-27,000 setts/acre

Three budded setts                                  : 17,500-18,000 setts/acre  

Sett treatment

      Always use disease free quality setts for planting.

      Treat the setts for 5 minutes in 0.1% Carbendazim (100 g  in 100 litre of water) before planting

      Seed crop: Treat the setts in Moist Hot Aerated Therapy unit at 540C for 1 hr.  

Manures  

Apply FYM or compost @ 4-5 tonnes /acre. Grow green manure crop like Dhaincha (13 kg seed /acre) or green gram (6 kg seed/ acre) before taking sugarcane and incorporate in situ using tractor drawn disc harrow. Soil application of Azospirillum or Glucanoacetobactor @ 4 kg/acre+Phosphobacteria @ 4 kg/acre in two split doses at 30 and 60 days after planting.  

Fertilizers  

Apply fertilizers as per soil test report or State Govt. recommendation or follow blanket dose of 60: 20:20 kg NPK /acre for plant crop and 90: 20: 20 kg NPK/acre for ratoon.  

v     Apply 50 kg DAP and 33 kg MOP /acre before planting in furrows.

v     Apply 50 kg urea/acre at 45 days after planting.

v     Apply 50 kg urea/acre at 90 days after planting and give earthing up.  

Weed management  

v     Repeated ploughing before planting sugarcane and crop rotation with paddy would minimize weed problem.  In highly weed infested area irrigate the field (or submerge) after ploughing. The weeds emerged out are got killed by spraying Paraquat @ 2.5 ml/litre water (non-selective contact herbicide). If the perennial weeds like Haryali grasses (Cynodon) and motha ( Cyprus ) are emerging spray Glyphosate (non-selective systemic herbicide) @ 2.5 ml/litre water instead of Paraquat.

v     Immediately after planting apply pre-emergence herbicide Atrazine @ 2 kg/acre in 350-400 litre water. If vegetables, pulses and oilseeds are intercropped with sugarcane, do not use Atrazine. In this case, spray either Metribuzin (Sencor) @ 0.3 kg /acre or Alachlor or Oxyfluorfen (Goal) @ 0.5 litre/acre. In wheat + sugarcane cropping system use Isoproturon (Garaminon) @ 0.4 kg a.i./acre.

v     Hand weeding at 45 days after planting followed by two time interculture at 60 and 90 days will control weeds.

v     Post emergence application of 2,4-D @ 0.4 kg/acre may be resorted if the problems of dicot weeds (broad leaved weed) do persist. 

Irrigation  

?       At 10 days interval during pre-monsoon season.

?       As per the need during monsoon season.

?       At 25 days interval during post-monsoon season.

Earthing up

        Light/partial earthing up at 90 days after planting.

        Final earthing up during June end or before the onset of monsoon.     

Propping  

?       First propping during July or August depending on growth of crop.

?       Second propping during August end or before 2nd fortnight of September.  

Insect-Pest Management

      At the time planting: Using a rosecan apply 2 litre Chlorpyriphos per acre in 350-400 litre water over the setts placed on furrows to control termite and early shoot borer.

      During April to July: During April-May give root drenching of Rynayxypyr 20SC @ 150 ml/acre with 400 litre water to control top borer or apply Carbofuron @ 13 kg/acre during last week June or first week of July.

      During August: If root borer problem is noticed apply Chlorpyriphos @ 2 litre/acre with 400 litre of water.

      Follow integrated pest management (IPM)  

Disease Management  

v     Use of resistant varieties, healthy seeds and adoption of integrated pest and disease management would minimize the incidence of major diseases.   

Yield: Expected average yield shall be 400 quintals /acre

 ADVISORY SERVICES TO FARMERS

Photo 1: The Scientists at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Karnal Centre are visiting farmers’ field  and rendering services to farmers on any aspects of sugarcane cultivation. Dr. Bakshi Ram, Head explain the concept of quality seed production to the farmers at Nanheda village, Indri, Karnal.  

Photo 2: Dr. Bakshi Ram, Head and Dr. S. K. Pandey, Principal Scientist shares their experience on management of root borer and wilt complex of sugarcane with the farmers of Samrala ( Punjab ).  

 Photo 3: Training is an integral part of sugarcane extension and development activities. The Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Karnal Centre is organizing training programmes to cane growers and extension personnel. Improved varieties of sugarcane plays major role in enhancing cane yield and profitability. Farmers from different parts of the Country are visiting this Centre and making self-assessment on the performance of improved varieties displayed in varietal museum at Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Karnal Centre.  

 Photo 4: Seeing is the easy way of learning agrotechniques than learning in class room. Method demonstration gives confidence in the mind of farmers to adopt or not to adopt a particular agrotechnique. In the photograph shown above, staff at the SBI Regional Centre, Karnal is demonstrating the advantage of Raised Bed Planter. This implement can be used for simultaneous planting of sugarcane (in furrows) and sowing of wheat seeds (in ridges) in farmers’ field at Karnal. The system is specifically recommended during autumn (October-Novermber).  

 Photo 5: The process of evolving a new variety in sugarcane takes as much as 10-12 years. Sugarcane flowers and set viable seeds (fluff) only in Coimbatore climate condition.  Sugarcane Breeders from all over the country go to Coimbatore during Oct-Dec, select suitable parental clones raised in the National Hybridization Garden at SBI Coimbatore and make crosses there. The crossed fluffs are raised at the respective evaluation Centres in the Country and from which new varieties are selected. In the photo graph above, a group of farmers from Shamli taking interest in seeing the sugarcane seedlings. Some of the seedling shown above, may attain varietal status after 10-12 years.  

 Photo 6: Kisan Mela is being organized at the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Karnal Centre on alternate years. Farmers and sugar mill staff from Haryana, Punjab , Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand are participating to see the improved varieties and sugarcane production technologies. Dr. N. Vijayan Nair, Director, Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore addressing the farmers and extension personnel attending the Kisan Mela organized at Karnal on 12.11.2010.

 

Photo 7: The SBI Regional Centre is participating in the Kisan Mela and seminars organized by other institutes in this region for exhibiting new sugarcane varieties and technologies. His Excellency the Governor of J & K, Sh. N.N. Vohra, the Director National Dairy Research Institute Dr. A.K. Srivastava and others luminaries have visited the Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Karnal Centre’s exhibition stall installed at NDRI, Karnal on 7th Dec 2009 and interacting with Dr. Bakshi Ram, Head, SBI Karnal Centre.  

Photo 8: Farm women play an important role in agricultural development therefore, their empowerment become essential for making agriculture sustainable. The Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Regional Centre is organizing training programme for farm women and demonstrating light weight farm tools / interculture equipments which can reduce drudgery to them.  

ON-GOING RESEARCH PROJECTS

 Project No. P1-98/6.1.1: Breeding elite clones suitable for North Western Zone

Project No.P1-98/6.1.2: Evaluation of sugarcane germplasm under subtropical conditions

Project No. C1-07/6.1.20: Identification, characterization and verification of new   sugarcane varieties for DUS testing

Project No. C1-07/6.1.21: Mega Seed Project-Seed Production in Agricultural Crops and Fisheries – Sugarcane (Revolving Fund Scheme)

Project No. P1-03/6.1.10: Agronomic requirements of promising sugarcane varieties

Project No. P1-09/6-1-26: Economics of intercropping in autumn planted sugarcane under furrow irrigated raised bed system

Project No. P1-10/6.1.28. Sustainable sugarcane cultivation in sub-tropical India –An initiative for maximum returns

Project No. P2-98/6-1-4: AICRP on Sugarcane Pathology

Project No. P1-08/6.1.22 AICRP on Entomology

Project No.  P1-08/6.1.27: Management of white grubs in sugarcane

Project No. P1-10/6.1.29. Studies on preservation of ready to serve sugarcane juice

Project No. P1-12/6.1.32 Physiological approaches for sugarcane tiller management under sub-tropical condition

Project No. P1-12/6.1.33 Studies on factor responsible for the development of wilt and pokka boeng diseases of sugarcane            

FOR FURTHER DETAILS CONTACT  

Dr. BAKSHI RAM

Head

Sugarcane Breeding Institute

Regional Centre

Agarsein Marg, PBox No. 52,

Karnal-132 001 (Haryana)

Ph: 0184-2268096, 2265567-20

Fax: 0184-2265723

Gram: IKSHU (Karnal)

Email: headsbirc(at)dataone(dot)in

Dr. N. VIJAYAN NAIR

Director

Sugarcane Breeding Institute

Coimbatore-641 007

Ph: 0422-2472621, 2472723

Fax: 0422-2472923

Gram: Gannaprajnan ( Coimbatore )

Email: sugaris(at)vsnl(dot)com

Website: http://www.sugarcane.res.in